The green spotted puffer, Tetraodon nigroviridis,
is indigenous to
Africa and Asia.
and north to China
and south to Africa.
Despite the fact that this species is frequently kept in freshwater
sold as a freshwater fish by many retailers, this is a brackish fish.
inhabit brackish costal estuaries, lagoons and river and stream
During the rainy season green spotted puffers frequently make their way
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can survive in a strictly freshwater environment a salinity level of
for juveniles and 1.018-22 for adult puffers will insure optimum health
longevity. That said; green spotted puffers can be successfully drip
to either freshwater or saltwater. Puffers are commonly kept by
aquarists. As juveniles, puffers swim back and forth between fresh,
brackish water conditions. As the fish matures it will instinctively
a saltwater environment. A puffer fish maintained in proper water
can frequently live in excess of ten years. A puffer raised in a
environment will not reach its full growth potential nor have the
coloration of a saltwater puffer.
make the mistake of adding a green spotted puffer to their community
because they are so adorable. Their bulging eyes, rounded bellies and
spot patterns indeed make them a unique addition to a freshwater tank.
movies have undoubtedly led to the increased popularity of this fish
aquarium owners. Make no mistake; green spotted puffers are natural
They do not make good community fish. This species is best delegated to
mono-species tank for both its brackish water needs and its predatory
Although puffers are not shoaling fish they are tolerant of
makes them even more eligible for a mono-species tank.
hard beaks and razor sharp teeth. In
wild their diet consists of other fish, crustaceans, mollusks and
These voracious carnivores can bite right through hard shell clams. It
nothing for them to take a hefty bite out of another fish in a
setting. Juvenile puffers (especially when introduced to an established
population) may seem docile perhaps even timid. But it is only a matter
before their predatory nature takes over. If you choose to disregard
warning, be prepared to loose members of your community tank as your
matures and establishes its own territorial boundaries in its new
caution should be
used in choosing a puffers tank mates. Larger, more aggressive species
better chance of holding their own against these tenacious little
mixing them with long finned species such as bettas and angelfish.
notorious fin nippers. If fish suddenly start dying or have segments of
body tissue missing you puffer is almost certainly the culprit. Puffers
far more aggressive as adults. They can reach up to six inches long
mature. Keep this in mind when deciding what other species to mix them
adorable little puffer in the
is just a baby.
In order to
puffers need a high protein diet. While flake food is acceptable,
protein supplements will help maintain a puffer’s long-term
health and color
palette. Young puffer fish can be fed frozen or freeze-dried krill or
Ghost shrimp, and small insects, worms and snails also make appropriate
items. Snails are considered an essential part of a proper
regiment. Mollusks and crustaceans are a large part of a
intake in the wild. A puffer’s teeth will continue to grow
after it has
reached full maturity. Their teeth can actually overgrow to the point
filling their entire mouth cavity. This can and will lead to eventual
starvation. Dietary supplements of hard shelled mollusks will help keep
puffer’s teeth trimmed. Adult puffers can be fed scallops,
mussels, clams, oysters, crayfish and even crab legs. Puffers are messy
They generate a lot of waste both in expulsion and in uneaten food
partial water changes are essential for optimum health.
temperature for this species is 78-82 °F. An alkaline based pH
around 8 is
considered perfect. Adding Aragonite or crushed coral to your substrate
help naturally establish stable alkaline parameters. A minimum tank
size of 30
gallons is recommended. An abundance of tank décor to break
of sight and help it to establish its own territorial boundaries is
recommended. This will help diminish aggressive behavior. Puffers are
accomplished jumpers. As juveniles they will jump from one coastal
another in search of food. An aquarium with a tightly fitting tank top
essential for the fish’s safety.
Green spotted puffers are not
on fish farms. They are caught from the wild for the fish trade
Internal parasite infestation is common. Be sure to choose an active
with a well rounded belly, a colorful palette and clear rather than
Keeping your puffer in an isolation tank for a period of no less than
is highly recommended. Food stuff soaked in Discomed by Aquatronics
eliminate internal parasite infestation.
The ability of
puffer fish to bloat its body is a survival mechanism against
puffer’s body can expand to over twice its normal size. This
the fish rapidly inflating its stomach with water. Despite what you see
Disney movies you may never actually see your puffer fish puff. Puffers
inflate their stomachs when they are in high stress situations or in
being ingested by another predator. Green spotted puffers, like all
are poisonous. Their skin and organs contain tetrodotoxin, a highly
neurotoxin whose affects in small does can cause a euphoric state of
Puffer poisoning is responsible for the deaths for several daring
sushi enthusiasts every year.
are not bred in captivity for commercial purposes. There are reports of
being successfully bred by home aquarists. We
were unable to find any detailed
information on the breeding of this
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