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anthias or Pseudanthias
belong to the family
Serranidae. They are habitants of the Great Barrier Reef. This species
can be found in both the Red Sea and Indo-Pacific ranging as far south
are commonly called peach anthias because of their
coloration. Their overall body color is yellowish orange. Females
typically have peach colored upper bodies and pale lavender to white
underbodies. They also have stripes on their tales. Males have bright
red dorsal fins and lack the tail striping. This species ranges in size
from 3-5 inches. They have an average life expectancy of 3-5 years.
These fish are considered reef safe and will make excellent
additions to your marine reef tank. Many anthias demonstrate
intolerance to bright light. The dispar is a shallow water swimmer and
therefore accustomed to higher light levels. However you should provide
them with plenty of living rock both to hide in and around and as a
source of nutrition.
Live rock is reef debris often broken off coral reef structures by
the natural forces of tropical storms and hurricanes. These reef
fragments are known as living rock because of the living organisms they
are home to. Live rock has a multitude of residents including various
assortments of algae, crabs, marine worms, small crustaceans, and
beneficial forms of bacteria occurring in the ocean. There are numerous
benefits derived from adding live rock to a reef tank.
The dispar is a docile creature. You will want to avoid mixing them
with more aggressive species such as damselfish.
They may show a
propensity toward territorial behavior to other species of anthias.
When mixing them with similar species it is best to add them to you
tank simultaneously rather than introducing them to an established
population. This will help eliminate the possibility of territorialism
and make for a more peaceful aquarium.
This is a shoaling species. You will want to have a minimum of four
in your aquarium. Six to eight is considered ideal. Make sure your tank
has plenty of wide open spaces for them to swim in.
Dispar are carnivorous. In the wild their diet consists of the
microscopic organisms know as zooplankton that drift in large water
columns around tropical reef formations. Like may anthias, dispar may
show a reluctance to feed when it is first introduced to your tank.
This problem is less likely to manifest if you have a group of dispar
in your aquarium. They can often be coaxed into eating by feeding them
commercially prepared zooplankton. Once they have acclimated to their
new environment they can be fed viatimin enriched brine shrimp, or
frozen marine food prepared for carnivores. They may even adapt to
flake food after they have settled in. These fish should be fed at
least twice a day.
The harem life is typical to this species of fish. A harem
generally consists of a single male with up to a dozen females in tow.
A second subordinate male may peacefully coexist in the harem if both
are introduced to your tank simultaneously. Anthias are protogynous
If you add a group of females to your tank the largest
most dominate female will transform into a male. If there is only a
single male in the harem and he perishes the most dominant female in
the group will replace him. There will always be a male present in the
harem. It is nature’s way of propagating the species! The
gender change of the dominant female may lead to squabbling between the
king fish and his reigning queen. These fish have not been reported to
breed in captivity.
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