is one of the larger
cataloged in the family Pomacanthidae.
This species inhabits multiple
regions of the marine waters. Their native habitat extends from Florida
to Brazil throughout the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean and in the
eastern Atlantic along the shorelines of Ascension Island and St.
This species should be kept only by saltwater aquarists with
skill levels and above. These fish can
grow to an adult length of up to
16 inches long and almost as tall. A minimum tank size of 100 gallons
is recommended. They are fast growers. These are anything but angels.
This fish’s temperament is rated semi-aggressive. However,
rapid growing rate and adult size there is a high probability that it
will become the dominant fish in your aquarium. They are not suitable
for marine reef aquariums. They are omnivores with big appetites and
will readily consume your live ornamental species, plant and animal
alike. French Angelfish are intolerant of their own species and will
exhibit a high
degree of territorial behavior in the confines of an aquarium. They
should be kept as a single fish or a spawning pair only. These Angels
very clean water or they may become ill. Despite all the negative
attributes these exotic beauties are quite popular among serious
saltwater enthusiasts. French Anglefish are one of the hardiest and
easy large angelfish species to maintain. They can
live in excess
of 15 years.
This is a fast and agile predator. Their bodies are tall and
narrow. Their narrow width allows them to easily maneuver in and around
coal formations to hunt or avoid being hunted. They row their pectoral
fins as a means of locomotion. They have elongated dorsal, anal and
caudal fins. The combination of the two makes them quick and highly
Although they share a
common body shape, adults and juveniles look
distinctively different. Juveniles are predominantly black with evenly
spaced yellow vertical striping that begins at the snout and ends at
the base of their tail fin. Their coloration is much brighter than that
of an adult. Adults have bluish gray faces followed by a thick black
vertical band. The scales on their bodies are black with outer edges
rimmed in golden yellow. The coloration on adults will continue to grow
duller as they mature.
adults and juvenile are also different.
Juveniles are cleaning fish. They regularly setup cleaning stations
ingesting the parasitic infestation of fish such as snappers, moray
eels and surgeonfish. Adults abandon this practice in favor of sponges,
algae, sea fans and urochordates. In their natural environment sponges
constitute 70% of an adult’s caloric intake.
Getting angelfish to feed
in captivity doesn’t usually present a
problem. They will quickly learn to eat pellets, frozen and dried food.
Make sure to include a good mix of algae and sponge in their diets.
Algae sheets and specially formulated food for marine angel fish will
help keep them healthy and maintain their coloration. An abundance of
living rock is also advisable.
This is a
In the wild a couple will vigorously
defend their territory against intruders and other angelfish pairs.
French angelfish do spawn
in captivity although not commonly.
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