are docile in
nature. They work well in community tanks as
long as they are housed with fish of similar temperament. Despite their
shy demeanor, gouramis are aggressive toward other gouramis. Each
gourami establishes a territory and hiding place of its own. Gouramis
take readily to heavily planted aquariums. They seem to function better
in pairs. Keep this in mind when deciding whether they are what you are
looking for in the way of a new addition to your tank.
thrive in slightly acidic water with a temperature range
between 77-82 °F. They are omnivore and can survive perfectly
diet of tropical fish flakes.
It is easy to distinguish between males and females. The males have
a much brighter color palette. Females are harder to find for sale
because of this. If you can not find one at your local fish store they
can be ordered online.
are most likely
to spawn in still water. A breeding tank
with the filter capacity turned way down will make a suitable
environment. Make certain there are floating plants in the breeding
tank. The male Gourami will use his labyrinth to make a bubble nest
prior to spawning.
Unlike most bubble nest builders, gourami will incorporate small
pieces of plants, twigs and other debris into the design of their nest.
This addition helps to hold the nest together.
Once the nest is constructed, courting officially begins. Courting
is usually initiated in the afternoon or early evening. The males
signals his intention to spawn by swimming in circles around the female
with his fins flared. If the female accepts his invitation, she will
start swimming in circles with the male underneath the bubble nest.
When she is ready to spawn she will touch the male on the back or the
tail with her mouth.
Spawning generally takes several hours. After spawning is complete
remove the female from the tank. The male will stand guard over his
bubble nest. The fry will hatch within the next two days. Leave the
male with the fry for two or three days. Make sure he is done parenting
his brood before removing him to the community tank.
Fry can be fed liquid fry food or small amounts of powdered eggs.
After about four days their diet can be changed to newly hatched brine
shrimp or finely crushed fish flakes.
Gouramis have been known to mate with other gouramis of another
species. Unfortunately there are usually sterile.