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velvet damselfish or Paraglyphidodon
oxyodon belong to the family Pomacentridae.
This species is indigenous to the
western central Pacific and Indo-Australian Archipelago including Indonesia
and the Philippines.
can be found off the coastlines Fiji.
This species often inhabits inshore reefs and the reef flats of
tend to congregate in shallow, current swept waters.
have an elongated oval
shaped body with a soft black, velvety appearance. This species has two
blue stripes sweeping back from its snout. The first is above the eye,
second below. A second set of neon striping falls diagonally from their
They have a single, large white vertical bar just behind their head.
black fins are commonly accented with neon blue trim. These neon
striking against the black velvet backdrop. Unfortunately, these fish
loose their vibrant coloration as they mature. This species is also
the aquarium trade under the pseudonyms Blue Velvet Damselfish,
Damselfish, and Blue-Streak Devil. The latter bears reference to their
its docile cousin the green chromis,
neon velvets have the attitude one would expect from a
species is not suited for a peaceful community tank. These are innately
aggressive fish who will bully any tank mate of lesser temperament.
exhibit extreme territorialism toward clownfish and other damsels often
competing them for food. Conspecifics will elicit a full out
territorial rights. A mated pair may be housed together but any thought
multiples will require a very large aquarium. Large angelfish,
tangs and surgeonfish are suitable tank mates provided they are not
enough to see the damsel as a tasty snack. A fish must have one nasty
disposition to fend for itself among species two to three times its
the name blue-streak devil. This species is rated reef safe.
are medium sized fish. They
will grow to a maximum adult length of 6 inches. A mated pair will
require a 30
gallon tank. For a single or couple to be kept in a community
will need whatever tanks is recommended for their larger tank mates.
species has a moderate care level. One factor bears
are predisposed to heavily oxygenated environments. This can
accomplished with the use of multiple air stones.
is an omnivorous species.
They are not picky eaters and will readily acclimate to aquarium food.
balance diet will maintain fit and vigor.
is one of the few species to
be successfully bred in captivity. They have even been known to breed
aquariums. With due diligence you can track down a mated pair to insure
first indication of
spawning is found within the actions of the male. He will establish his
breeding grounds by cleaning off a rock ledge or coral surface for the
of eggs. He will then begin to swim around in a frenzy making clicking
to seduce his intended mate. During this courting ritual the
will increase dramatically. In the wild a male will often breed with
females. If the female accepts his proposal, she will deposit her eggs.
waste no time in their fertilization. The entire courtship and breeding
is over within 20 minutes.
female may lay as many as
20,000 eggs. It is the male’s job to guard and care for the
eggs until they
hatch. He will fan the eggs with his fins to increase
and pick out any dead eggs from the batch. Males will defend their eggs
complete disregard for their own safety. The eggs will hatch in 3-7
will emerge as larvae. The larvae will drift around feeding on
develop into juvenile fish in approximately two weeks.
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Saltwater & Marine
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