ciliaris are members the family Pomacanthidae.
In Greek poma
means cover and akantha
means thorn. Marine angelfish
are comprised of seven genera and approximately 86 species. Queen
populate the shallow water reef systems of the Western
and Gulf of Mexico.
They are well established off the
coastlines of Florida
and the Bahamas.
Smaller populations exist in the Bermuda
along the eastern shores of South
America as far south
to Like Us!
their royal title from the blue rimmed black
speckling found on their heads. This trademark insignia bears a vague
resemblance to the shape of a crown. Like all angelfish, the queen has
disc shaped body. Juveniles have predominantly dark blue bodies with
highlights and vertical striping ranging from light blue to white.
gill covers and caudal fins are yellow. As the young fish matures its
color will become lighter and the striping will fade away. Adults are
bluish green with yellow rimmed scales. Their ventral and pectoral fins
yellow trimmed in and powder neon blue. They have dark blue lips and
caudal fins. Queen Angelfish can grow up to 18 inches in length may
much as 4 lbs.
This is a large
and will require a large tank. The
general rule of thumb is 5 gallons of
water for every one inch of fish. In a community environment you will
minimum 150-200 gallon aquarium. This is a moderately aggressive
will want to house it with similarly larges species who will not
bullied. This species exhibits territorial behavior toward its own kind
confines of an aquarium. You can successfully keep and male and female
in the same tank. They are not suitable for marine reef aquariums. Many
inhabitants typical of reef aquariums are what these fish would consume
their natural habitat.
Queen angels are
a moderate to expert saltwater aquarist care level.
are sensitive to anything less than ideal water conditions. They
refuse to feed in their new surroundings. Their somewhat specialized
nature often leads to illnesses relate to nutritional deficiencies. Queens
who make the transition into a life in captivity can easily live for 15
Juveniles are cleaner fish whose nutritional intake
consists largely of the parasites found on larger fish they tend to in
“cleaning stations.” An adult’s diet
consists primarily of sponges and algae.
They will also nibble on sea fans, soft coral, and an occasional
may find that you need to
purchase live sponges to persuade them to start eating.
abundance of living rock will help in the
acclimation process. Aquarists have successfully raised queens on a
of protein and algae based foods. There are commercially available food
products specifically formulated for marine angelfish.
closely related to the Bermuda blue angelfish, Holacanthus bermudensis.
These species have been known to cross inter-species barriers and mate
another. The natural hybrids produced by this coupling are rarities in
world of saltwater aquatic life.