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(aka Royal) angelfish or Pygoplites
diacanthus are members of
There are 86 known
species of marine angelfish belonging to 7 different genera. This
native to the tropical regions of the Red
Large populations of these shallow to mid-water dwellers exist off the
cost of Guam
They are one of the most prominent angelfish on the Great
angelfish received their names from the alternating royal colored
striping pattern on their body. Although coloration varies, they are
within the same spectrum. Their heads are predominately yellow with a
splash of orange for accent. Their bodies are yellow or orange with
or lavender vertical stripes outlined in darker variations of the same
posterior fins are usually
blue and purple or yellow and purple with a solid color caudal fin.
the variation, their colors emulate the look of European royalty from
angelfish will reach an approximate adult length of 10 inches.
a semi-aggressive fish. It is far less aggressive than many large
will not tend to bully its
tank mates. It will in fact fare better with smaller and more docile
then it will with larger and more aggressive species. Even though they
as a large angel fish, they mix better with dwarf angelfish than angels
their own size.
this in mind when
thinking about getting one for your community tank. Whether or not they
suitable for a marine reef aquarium depends on its inhabitants. It will
on stony coral with large polyps, soft coral and clam mantles. It can
be housed with stony corals of the small-polyped variety and the more
soft coral species. Regals will exhibit territorial aggression toward
of their own kind but can be kept as a mated pair. A minimum tank size
gallons is recommended.
species requires an expert aquarist care level in order to insure its
survival. Large angelfish are notorious for their mortality rate in
aquariums. Reports and fish forums indicate that regal angelfish from
the Red Sea
have a higher survivability rate than those than those
captured in Indonesia
and the Philippines.
This is most likely due to techniques utilized in the capture of these
improper shipping and handling methods. Even the hardiest of large
have trouble acclimating to a life of confinement. Most large angels,
as is the
case with regals, are not covered under “arrive
alive” guarantees by many
online retailers. Any species that can not be guaranteed to arrive
be purchased locally.
an omnivorous species with definite carnivorous leanings. In nature
their diet consists largely of sponges and tunicates. Their high
rates are directly related to their reluctance to feed in captivity. It
highly recommended that you ask your local retailer to watch this fish
before making a purchase. A fish that you know is already accustomed to
in captivity is much more likely to do so for you.
you bring your specimen home it may not readily acclimate to its new
surroundings. An abundance of well establishes live rock as a food
plenty of other hiding places will aid in the acclimation process. As
is to be expected
with royalty, these are infamously finicky eaters. If
your fish shows a reluctance to feed try
tempting it with live brine shrimp. If this proves successful begin
flake or freeze dried food with the brines to begin introducing it to
fare. Food preparations specially formulated for marine angelfish will
sure your new arrival gets an adequate supply of sponge matter in its
varied diet will insure fit and vigor and help guard against
deficiencies. Fresh spinach mixed with finely chopped seafood makes for
healthy well rounded meal.